The idea of establishing an Orthodox Church in the Santa Rosa area began to take shape in the early 1930’s as increasing numbers of Russians were moving north from San Francisco into the small town and rural life of Sonoma County. There were also Orthodox of other nationalities, notably Greeks and Serbs who were part of this movement. These Russians, who came to make up the bulk of the parish, were mostly persons displaced by the Communist Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent turmoil of Russian life.
The movement to build a church was fueled by a group of about twenty families. Under the leadership of Fr. Michael Pelzig, who arrived in Santa Rosa in 1936, the movement to get parish life underway gained momentum. Monies had been collected for the purpose of building a church as early as October 1934. But it was in February 1936, on land donated for the purpose that building began. The temple was rough finished by April 1936.